the island

The island

Just over an hour sailing from Majorca, stands this spot that boasts a considerable wealth of nature. In this group of islands and calcareous rocky isles, its marine ecosystem is particularly noteworthy, with the presence of meadows of Neptunegrass, enabling the proliferation of marine fauna. This marine area is one of the best preserved on our coastlines. Besides, there are several exceptional botanical endemisms, as well as large colonies of birds. This is why it was named National Marine and Land Park in 1991.
watch tower

Size

Cabrera has an area of 17 km2, rounded by a coastline of 54 km, a distance from north to south of 7 km and from east to west of 5 km, being its higher point of 172 m.

Inhabitants

Until 70 years ago 12 families had lived on the island, cultivating the agricultural land. Then the island became property of the spanish army until its conversion into a National Parc. Knowadays 12 men of the Spanish Army live on the island to maintain the infrastructure of the place.

Climate

In Cabrera, the climate is of the Mediterranean type, with an average temperature of 17║C. It is very warm and dry in Summer time and mild and little rainy in winter time. The average precipitations are 334 mm per year.
Upupa epops

Visits

The Nature Park can be visited by boat from Colonia de Sant Jordi and Porto Petro. For private boat trips you will need authorisation from the Park Authorities. The access is limited to a number of boats per day.

Natural assets

Archipelago consisting of one main island: Cabrera, six smaller islands and a dozen rocky isles. It is the emerged extension of Majorca's Sierra de Levante and possesses an uneven and rugged relief.

Cultural surroundings

Apart from its nature attractions, it possesses others of a cultural variety, such as the 14th century Castle, declared to be a historic-artistic monument, plus land and underwater archaeological sites.
mero

History

The island of Cabrera and the neighbouring islands have been visited by the most important Mediterranean civilizations such: Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Byzantines and Romans.

During the XIII and XIV century the island of Cabrera and its harbour were used by pirates as a base to attack the Majorcans coast. For this reason a castle was built in the XIV century at the entrance of the port, which avoided that the port was used as a pirate bases and at the same time allowed a greater monitoring of the waters near Majorca.

In 1808 the Peninsula War exploded. The French soldiers that were taken prisoners during the war were brought to and locked up in Cabrera. In fact there was no building that could be called jail, but the captivity was the isolation of the island itself. This prison was closed by the end of the war in 1814.
Cormoran
At the end of the XIX century the island of Cabrera became private property. The owners, the Feliu family, tried to cultivate grapevine on the island. For that reason they built a big bodega, which is used as a museum nowadays.

Due to defence interests the island was expropriated and a small garrison was established in 1916. The island was used as a military base until its conversion into a National Parc. This military presence protected the natural surroundings of the island, avoiding that the archipelago was object of real estate speculations.

Cabrera was declared a Marine and Terrestrial National Reserve in march 1991.
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